The very first step in conducting a more “formal” research process involves choosing and defining a topic. Your topic choice affects your research processes directly. If you choose your topic well, you may have an easier time during the information gathering phase.
Things to consider:
- What's interesting to you?
It’s less painful if you are able to choose something you are interested in, or can use for a related or later class.
- How long does your paper need to be?
If your topic is too narrow or too broad, you may have problems having not enough or too much information.
Is this topic recent enough to be relevant? Has there been enough time for material to be pubished about this topic? Is your topic outdated for your field?
- Have you been assigned a topic by a professor?
If so, you need to complete the assignment given following your professor’s guidelines.